Conjunctions – how to understand them

free pages from our English Language software program

Conjunctions – definition

conjunctions There are two main types of conjunctions:

  • Co-ordinating conjunctions join together parts of a sentence which are of equal status.
  • Subordinating conjunctions join together parts of a sentence which have a complex relationship.

Examples

redbtn There are five co-ordinating conjunctions in English:

and   or   nor   but   for

redbtn There are many more subordinating conjunctions:

whereas, where, if, because, while, as, when, since


Use

redbtn Co-ordinating conjunctions are used in the following statements:

Jim and Sally are going to the concert.
Give me that gun or I’ll call the police.
Neither a lender nor a borrower be.
We have no lemons but we do have some limes.

redbtn NB! It is possible for a word to be a conjunction in one sentence and a different part of speech in another.

redbtn The words and, or, nor, but, for are all co-ordinating conjunctions.

redbtn They are conjunctions because they usually join together parts of a sentence.

redbtn They are co-ordinating because the parts they join are of equal rank. For example:

We have no limes but we do have some lemons.

redbtn Conjunctions should not be confused with adverbs such as:

moreover, besides, so, consequently, however, also

redbtn Take the following statement:

The weather was bad last Tuesday so we stayed at home.

redbtn Here the word so links the two parts, but it creates a sequence and a sense of cause and effect — rather than the joining of two equal statements.

redbtn The conjunction may not always be placed between the words being linked. It can appear elsewhere:

Because I was tired, I went to bed early.

Self-assessment quiz follows …

© Roy Johnson 2003


English language links

Red button English Language – free guidance notes

Red button English Language 3.0

Red button Improve your Writing Skills


  • English Language 3.0 (.html)English Language 3.0

    English Language 3.0 tells you everything you need to know about English — language rules, grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Improve your written style. Get rid of mistakes. Quiz questions and exercises help you to check your understanding. Learn how language works. Suitable for all levels – from beginners to advanced. Latest version allows you to […]

    Order English Language 3.0 English Language 3.0 @ £4.95

Buy from Amazon US     Buy from Amazon UK

You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

If you found this article interesting you might want to Tell-A-Friend.

Tell A Friend
  1. (required)
  2. (valid email required)
  3. (required)
  4. (valid email required)
 

cforms contact form by delicious:days

Leave a Reply

 
 
 
 
 
 
css.php

Powered by eShop v.6