Articles – how to use them
free pages from our English Language software program
Articles – definition
Articles go in front of nouns.
There are two types of articles in English:
- the definite article [the]
- the indefinite article [a or an].
The definite article is the — as in the book
The indefinite article is a – as in a pencil
or an — as in an apple
When using the indefinite article a is used before
an is used when the noun begins with a vowel.
This convention is based on ease of speaking. It is easier to say an apple than a apple, and a new book than an new book.
The definite article the remains the same in all cases, although speakers do vary the pronunciation according to whether a vowel or a consonant follows. For example:
[thee] – the other – the argument
[theu] – the ball – the tent
NB! Just be thankful the article is gender-free in English. [It’s not in other languages.]
Articles in English are fairly simple compared with some other European languages. English articles vary only according to ease of speaking, whereas in French they have to agree with the gender of the noun. For example
MASCULINE le bureau
FEMININE la maison
Students of English as a foreign language are relieved to find that the articles stay fairly constant with the exception of the variation between a and an.
However, English wasn’t always like this. Old English or Anglo-Saxon had as many variations as Latin or modern German. These have very gradually disappeared as word-order has become more crucial.
Even today, some people say an historic occasion or an hotel. This is a remnant of Middle English when, because of the French influence, the aitch was not articulated, making the initial syllables of these words effectively vowels. [End of history lesson.]
Self-assessment quiz follows …
© Roy Johnson 2003
English language links
- English Language 3.0 (.html)
English Language 3.0 tells you everything you need to know about English — language rules, grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Improve your written style. Get rid of mistakes. Quiz questions and exercises help you to check your understanding. Learn how language works. Suitable for all levels – from beginners to advanced. Latest version allows you to […]
If you found this article interesting you might want to Tell-A-Friend.